The African Development Bank (AfDB) says the cost of bread is now beyond the reach of many households in Africa due to food price increases caused by the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
Dr Akinwumi Adesina, the President of the Bank’s Group, said this in a speech posted on AfDB’s official Twitter handle on Thursday.
Adesina delivered the speech at the United States Senate Appropriation Sub-Committee on State and Foreign Operations with the theme: “Global Food Security and COVID-19 Crises: U.S. Response and Policy Options’’.
He said that Ukraine exported 40 per cent of its wheat and corn to Africa.
Adesina quoted the United Nations as saying “15 African countries imported more than half of their wheat, and much of their fertilisers and oil from Ukraine and Russia’’.
Adesina said the continent was also dealing with a 30 million metric tonnes loss of wheat and corn that would not come from Russia as the conflict raged.
According to him, the economic shocks from the Russian war in Ukraine are causing all of us to pay more to put food on the table.
“The magnitude of food price increases and trade disruptions caused by the Russian-Ukraine conflict have hit Africa harder than other developing regions.
“This is threatening to topple the continent’s food systems already stressed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
“Russia-Ukraine conflict is a huge factor in fertiliser price hiking upwards of 300 per cent.
Our analysis is that Africa faces a fertiliser shortage of two million metric tonnes this year.
“We estimate it will cost about two billion dollars at current market prices to source new fertiliser to cover the gap.
“If we do not mitigate this shortage rapidly, food production will decline by at least 20 per cent.
“This horrific ‘perfect storm’ will see Africa lose more than 11 billion dollars in the value of food production, according to our analysis,’’ he said.
Adesina said the Bank, with the support of the U.S., was prepared to meet these new challenges and others head on.
The president said the Bank had developed an Africa Emergency Food Production Plan of 1.5 billion dollars to be used to support African countries to produce 38 million metric tonnes of food.
The plan, he said would deliver climate-resilient agricultural technologies to 20 million farmers.
“The 1.5 billion dollar plan intends to source 1.3 billion dollars of our own resources.
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“With U.S. support to reduce the 200 million dollars financing gap, we can ensure the Africa Emergency Food Production Plan’s success,’’ he said.